First Grade

 Tennessee Science Standards

2009-2010 Implementation


Grade 1


Embedded Inquiry


Conceptual Strand

Understandings about scientific inquiry and the ability to conduct inquiry are essential for living in the 21st century.


Guiding Question

What tools, skills, knowledge, and dispositions are needed to conduct scientific inquiry?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.Inq.1          Observe the world of familiar objects using the senses and tools.

GLE 0107.Inq.2          Ask questions, make logical predictions, plan investigations, and represent data.

GLE 0107.Inq.3          Explain the data from an investigation.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.Inq.1               Use senses and simple tools to make observations. 

Senses & Simple Tools

ü0107.Inq.2               Communicate interest in simple phenomena and plan for simple investigations. 

Simple Experiments

ü0107.Inq.3               Communicate understanding of simple data using age-appropriate vocabulary.

Simple Survey


ü0107.Inq.4               Collect, discuss, and communicate findings from a variety of  investigations.

Communicate Findings



State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.

Embedded Technology & Engineering


Conceptual Strand

Society benefits when engineers apply scientific discoveries to design materials and processes that develop into enabling technologies.


Guiding Question

How do science concepts, engineering skills, and applications of technology improve the quality of life?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.T/E.1         Recognize that both natural materials and human-made tools have specific characteristics that determine their use.

GLE 0107.T/E.2         Apply engineering design and creative thinking to solve practical problems.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.T/E.1               Explain how simple tools are used to extend the senses, make life easier, and solve everyday problems.

Simple Tools

ü0107.T/E.2               Invent designs for simple products.

Invent designs for Simple Products

ü0107.T/E.3               Use tools to measure materials and construct simple products.

Use Tools to Measure Materials


State Performance Indicators

Not addressed at this grade level.


Life Science


Standard 1 - Cells


Conceptual Strand 1

All living things are made of cells that perform functions necessary for life.



Guiding Question 1

How are plant and animals cells organized to carry on the processes of life?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.1.1             Recognize that living things have parts that work together. 

GLE 0107.1.2             Use tools to examine major body parts and plant structures.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.1.1                   Combine pictures of major body parts to assemble a complete animal.

Assemble an Animal

ü0107.1.2                   Communicate the effect of using tools like magnifiers when examining different body parts.  

Examine Body Parts

ü0107.1.3                   Make diagrams to record and communicate observations.

Graphic Organizer

Venn Diagram



State Performance Indicators

Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 2 – Interdependence


Conceptual Strand 2

All life is interdependent and interacts with the environment.


Guiding Question 2

How do living things interact with one another and with the non-living elements of their environment?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.2.1             Distinguish between living and non-living things in an environment.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.2.1                   Identify the basic characteristics of living things.

Characteristics of Living Things


ü0107.2.2                   Record information about living or non-living objects in local environments.

Record Information about Living or Non-Living Things

ü0107.2.3                   Sort and classify a variety of living and non-living materials based on their characteristics.

Sort & Classify


State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 3 - Flow of Matter and Energy


Conceptual Strand 3

Matter and energy flow through the biosphere.


Guiding Question 3

What scientific information explains how matter and energy flow through the biosphere?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.3.1             Recognize that plants and animals are living things that grow and change over time.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.3.1                   Conduct investigations and record data about the growth of different plants under varying conditions.

Conduct Investigations

ü0107.3.2                   Describe what plants and animals need in order to grow and remain healthy.

Needs of Organisms


State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 4 – Heredity


Conceptual Strand 4

Plants and animals reproduce and transmit hereditary information between generations.


Guiding Question 4

What are the principal mechanisms by which living things reproduce and transmit information between parents and offspring?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.4.1             Observe and illustrate the life cycle of animals.

GLE 0107.4.2             Describe ways in which animals closely resemble their parents.



Checks for Understanding

ü0107.4.1                   Observe, describe, and record the life cycle of a particular animal.

Life Cycle

ü0107.4.2                   Match pictures of parents and related offspring by identifying common characteristics.

Match Parents with Offspring


State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 5 - Biodiversity and Change


Conceptual Strand 5

A rich variety of complex organisms have developed in response to a continually changing environment.


Guiding Question 5

How does natural selection explain how organisms have changed over time?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.5.1             Investigate how plants and animals can be grouped according to their habitats. 

GLE 0107.5.2             Recognize that some organisms which formerly lived are no longer found on earth.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.5.1                   Observe plants and animals on the school grounds and group them according to where they are found.

Observe Plants & Animals

ü0107.5.2                   Create a chart of different habitats and match animals to specific locations.

Match Animals to Habitats

ü0107.5.3                   Sort pictures or illustrations of animals into groups that are extinct and those that still exist and offer possible explanations for extinction.



State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Earth and Space Science


Standard 6 - The Universe


Conceptual Strand 6

The cosmos is vast and explored well enough to know its basic structure and operational principles.


Guiding Question 6

 What big ideas guide human understanding about the origin and structure of the universe, Earth’s place in the cosmos, and observable   motions and patterns in the sky?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.6.1                         Compare and describe features of the day and night sky.

GLE 0107.6.2             Realize that the sun can only be seen during the day, while the moon can be seen at night and sometimes during the day.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.6.1                   Create a chart of things that can be observed in the day and night sky.

Things in the Sky

ü0107.6.2                   Identify objects in the sky and describe their observable similarities and differences.

Describe Objects in the Sky


State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 7 – The Earth


Conceptual Strand 7

Major geologic events that occur over eons or brief moments in time continually shape and reshape the surface of the Earth, resulting in continuous global change.


Guiding Question 7

How is the earth affected by long-term and short term geological cycles and the influence of man?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.7.1             Realize that water, rocks, soil, living organisms, and man-made objects make up the earth’s surface.  

GLE 0107.7.2             Classify earth materials according to their physical properties.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.7.1                   Create a diagram of the school grounds to identify where water, rocks, soil, living organisms, and man-made objects are found.

Diagram School Grounds

ü0107.7.2                   Sample areas of the school grounds to identify where different materials are found.

Take Samples

ü0107.7.3                   Use bagged samples of earth materials or pictures from different areas to classify materials according to their use.

What is Wood



State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 8 - The Atmosphere


Conceptual Strand 8

The earth is surrounded by an active atmosphere and an energy system that controls the distribution life, local weather, climate, and global temperature.


Guiding Question 8

How do the physical characteristics and the chemical makeup of the atmosphere influence surface processes and life on Earth?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.8.1                         Gather and interpret daily weather data.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.8.1                   Collect daily weather information to predict what conditions might occur on the following day.

Collect Daily Weather Information

ü0107.8.2                   Discuss what makes a weather prediction accurate or inaccurate.

Weather Prediction


State Performance Indicators

        Not addressed at this grade level.


Physical Science


Standard 9 -  Matter


Conceptual Strand 9

The composition and structure of matter is known, and it behaves according to principles that are generally understood.


Guiding Question 9

How does the structure of matter influence its physical and chemical behavior?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.9.1             Classify objects according to their physical properties.

GLE 0107.9.2             Distinguish between the properties of solids and liquids.

GLE 0107.9.3             Predict the changes that may occur when different materials are mixed. 


Checks for Understanding

            ü0107.9.1                   Classify solids according to their size, shape, color, texture, hardness, ability to change shape, magnetic attraction, whether they sink or float, and use.

Classify Solids

            ü0107.9.2                   Compare liquids according to their color, ability to flow, solubility in water, and use.

Solids & Liquids

Compare Liquids


            ü0107.9.3                   Investigate and describe the results of mixing different substances such as salt and pepper, water and sand, water and oil, and water and salt.

How to Separate Salt & Pepper


State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 10 – Energy


Conceptual Strand 10

Various forms of energy are constantly being transformed into other types without any net loss of energy from the system.


Guiding Question 10

            What basic energy related ideas are essential for understanding the dependency of the natural and man-made worlds on energy?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.10.1           Investigate the effect of the sun on land, water, and air.


Checks for Understanding

ü0107.10.1                 Predict and determine what happens over the course of a school day when containers of sand, soil, and water with thermometers are placed in a sunny window.

BBC Rides

Effect of the Sun



ü0107.10.2                 Predict and determine what happens over the course of a school day when containers of sand, soil and water with thermometers are placed in a shady location.

Sun or Shade

ü0107.10.3                 Compare the temperature at different places around the school such as black top driveway, lawn, concrete areas, side of the building, under a shade tree, wet area, in the ground.

Compare Temperatures

Light & Dark

State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 11 - Motion


Conceptual Strand 11

Objects move in ways that can be observed, described, predicted, and measured.


Guiding Question 11

What causes objects to move differently under different circumstances?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.11.1           Investigate how forces (push, pull) can move an object or change its direction.

Checks for Understanding

ü0107.11.1                 Use familiar objects to explore how the movement can be changed.

Change Movement

ü0107.11.2                 Investigate and explain how different surfaces affect the movement of an object.

Inquiry Sort

Push & Pull Inquiry



State Performance Indicators

            Not addressed at this grade level.


Standard 12 - Forces in Nature


Conceptual Strand 12

Everything in the universe exerts a gravitational force on everything else; there is an interplay between magnetic fields and electrical currents.


Guiding Question 12

What are the scientific principles that explain gravity and electromagnetism?


Grade Level Expectations:

GLE 0107.12.1           Investigate materials that are attracted to magnets.


Checks for Understanding

            ü0107.12.1                 Identify and classify objects in the classroom as magnetic or non-magnetic.

Magnet or Non-Magnetic


            ü0107.12.2                 Make predictions about how various objects will be affected by a magnet.

Effects of Magnets


State Performance Indicators            Not addressed at this grade level.